(For our purposes) a statement about what is true or valid. *If you can add "is true" to the end or "it is true that" to the beginning of the statement without changing the meaning, it is a claim.
(For our purposes) the basis for a claim is the reason we should accept the truth or validity of that claim. It is the evidence that is used to "prove" the claim is true and the assumptions required for the evidence to be valid "proof" (sometimes called the "warrant")
claim: "It rained last night"
basis: "The street is wet"
What is the evidence? What is the assumption behind that evidence? Is it a reasonable assumption?
Science is distinct in
Which of these is a fundamental quality of scientific inquiry?
So-called "contact hypothesis" applied to many excluded minorities
Contact may humanize the other group, encourage taking their perspective, dispel prejudices
Can a single conversation change minds on divisive social issues, such as same-sex marriage?
Are conversations about same-sex marriage more persuasive when they are with a gay person?
Subjects either saw: