November 7, 2022
ethnic violence may be associated with:
Can we explain this “senseless” violence?
Algerian Civil War
Between 1996 and 1998, GIA (rebel) forces started doing massacres
Massacres tied to counter-insurgency efforts
Massacres targeted perceived enemies of GIA rebels
Killers in massacres invoked “treason”…
is there more to this than forcing people to “comply”?
Even if we can explain where and when atrocities take place as “strategic”…
Humans not usually inclined to violence; requires preparation and training
Why do perpetrators participate in ethnic violence?
Based on this video:
Any additional reasons you might give for why perpetrators participate in violence?
Perpetrators generally don’t think they are morally wrong…
much violence is morally motivated:
person doing the violence subjectively evaluates that their actions are right (that they ought to be done)
Fiske and Rai (2015)
Relational Models Theory: psychological theory, from the perspective of perpetrators:
people often judge that to constitute or regulate crucial relationships they are morally required to hurt or kill another person
by moral, they mean evaluating actions, motives, and intentions with respect to an ideal model of how people should relate
Four varieties of moral relationships; focus on two
relationship with people in the same group as undifferentiated and equivalent
rank individuals in a hierarchical relationship
Should imply that:
Even through RMT is psychological approach to violence, it points to the importance of cultural context:
Fujii shows that extra-lethal violence often is symbolic action that communicates in complex ways to other perpetrators, audiences, and the victim.
In coming weeks, we bring turn attention to