- Structures and Violence
- Media and Violence
November 21, 2022
How does media “incite violence”?
Fearon and Laitin (2000) consider possibilty that discourse (cultural schemas) shape behavior
How can structures cause violence if structures are complex, overlapping, changeable?
How can structures cause violence if structures are stable?
Link between structure and ethnic violence focused on schemas/discourse:
Structures are composed of schemas (ways of thinking) and resources (power/material):
We can focus on structures embedded in media as a cause for ethnic violence.
These shape the motives, opportunities, and cost of doing violence
Framing of events might change how people perceive/what people believe…
Media frames activate psychological mechanisms for ethnic violence:
Media messages might reduce…
Why might it be difficult to empirically test for effects of media on ethnic violence?
Violence perpetrated by individuals could be coordination or persuasion
Violence perpetrated collectively likely the result of coordination
Exponential effects suggest coordination rather than persuasion
“Spill-over”/“neighborhood” effects of radio suggest coordination
Radio transmitters built by government…
Exposure to radio may be related to other factors that might explain participation in violence
Neighboring villages that are…