September 19, 2018
ranked societies: societies in which ethnic or racial categories overlap with class and imply a hierarchy of status, with some groups holding higher economic, political, and social status over others
unranked societies: societies in which ethnic or racial categories cross-cut class, implying a parallel or approximately equal status of the groups
But even in unranked societies, groups make comparisons of which is "backward" or "advanced"
Mobility (unavailable? in race/ethnicity)
new dimension of comparison
use of different evaluative rules
As a theory, depends on cultural context:
ranked societies: are the value systems used to justify hierarchy of groups still legitimate?